Employment

first_img Dunn v Institute of Cemetery and Crematorium Management: EAT (Judge McMullen QC, Mrs R Chapman and Mr P Smith): 2 December 2011 Charles Millett of Morecrofts, Liverpool for the employee; Daniel Northall (instructed by Beachcroft, Leeds) for the employer. Sex discrimination – Employee married to husband – Tribunal dismissing claimcenter_img In December 2007, the employee commenced employment for the employer as technical services manager (northern). The purpose of her appointment was that she could establish an office in the north of Britain. In February 2008, she was told that there would be changes to her entitlement to sick pay. During consultation on the matter, issues arose as to the employee’s responsibilities and performance which upset her. She registered grievances about changes to her contract which were rejected. In September 2008, she went off sick. Later that month, the employer decided to shelve the northern office project. In October, the employee was informed of the proposal to remove her role and a consultation was started. In February 2009, the employee resigned. She brought a claim in the employment tribunal for, inter alia, sex discrimination under section 3 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 in that the employer had treated her less favourably because she was married to D, her husband. The tribunal held that the employee was not discriminated against on the ground of her status as a married person, but because of her relationship to D and, accordingly, the claim of direct discrimination failed. The employee appealed to the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT). Before the EAT, documents were referred to including statements from the employer’s chief executive, M, to the effect, inter alia, that D had ‘relentlessly harassed’ him. Those statements further accused the employee of being aware of D’s ‘private commercial activities’. The principle issue that fell to be determined was whether the act applied to protect the employee, whose complaint was that she had been discriminated against on the ground of being married to D. In respect of that issue, consideration was given, inter alia, to the EAT decision in Chief Constable of the Bedfordshire Constabulary v Graham [2002] IRLR 239. The employee further invoked article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, claiming that her right to respect for private and family life had been breached. In respect of the latter issue, consideration was given to articles 12 and 14 of the convention and the Human Rights Act 1998. The appeal would be allowed. (1) Graham was the authority for the proposition that a married person was protected by section 3 of the act by reason of her being married to her husband. It followed that any person who was married, or in a civil partnership, was protected against discrimination on the ground of that relationship and on the ground of their relationship to the other partner. Any less favourable treatment which was marriage-specific was unlawful (see [38], [41] of the judgment). In the instant case, Graham was correct and applicable. There could have been no doubt as to the link in the employer’s conduct between the employee and D. It was clear that the employer’s officers had treated the employee the way they had, adversely, because of her relationship to D. She was treated as an adjunct to his family. There would have been no reason to raise, in the employee’s grievance proceedings, matters relating to D unless they were married. Accordingly, the construction adopted by the tribunal had been incorrect (see [40], [42], [43] of the judgment). (2) In the instant case, article 8 of the convention was engaged. There was no reason for the employer’s ­attitude towards D’s involvement to adversely affect the employee’s ­treatment at work. Article 12 of the convention was probably only subsidiary (see [53] of the judgment). The case would be remitted to the original tribunal for determination of whether the employee had been unlawfully discriminated against on the construction of the act, applying articles 8, 12 and 14 of the convention (see [56] of the judgment). X v Y [2004] IRLR 625 considered.last_img read more

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Renesas Introduces Bluetooth Chipset with Improved Security for Wireless Communication

first_imgRenesas, a supplier of advanced semiconductor solutions, has introduced the RX23W – a 32-bit microcontroller (MCU) featuring Bluetooth 5.0 for IoT endpoint devices such as home appliances and healthcare equipment. By combining Bluetooth 5.0 with Renesas’ Trusted Secure IP on its popular high-performance RX MCU family, Renesas offers customers an optimized single-chip solution for system control and wireless communication, while also providing a more secure way to answer the Bluetooth security risks such as eavesdropping, tampering, and viruses.While devices with Bluetooth 5.0 Low Energy are not new in the market, Renesas adds value for this ubiquitous wireless technology with a twist: a strong emphasis on security and privacy. The recent security concerns clearly show that the Bluetooth implementations are getting more complex as more core use cases are defined, and there is a strong need to address better, more secure connections. Renesas believes applications deploying Bluetooth 5.0 Low Energy capabilities will be complemented with Renesas’ strength in hardware security, all within one MCU that can handle application, communication, and security.The new RX23W is based on Renesas’ RXv2 core (Note 1), which provides outstanding computational performance with improved FPU (Note 2) and DSP functions and operates at a maximum clock frequency of 54 MHz. The RX23W provides full Bluetooth 5.0 Low Energy support including long-range and mesh networking functions and achieves the industry’s lowest level reception mode peak power consumption at 3.0 mA. Furthermore, it integrates a rich set of peripheral functions that are indispensable for IoT equipment, including security, touch key, USB, and CAN functions. These functions allow the RX23W to implement both system control and Bluetooth wireless functions for IoT endpoint equipment such as home appliances, healthcare equipment, and sports & fitness equipment on a single chip. In addition, the RX23W’s Bluetooth mesh functions make it optimal for industrial IoT equipment collecting sensor data within a factory or a building.Key Features of the RX23W MCU:Fully functional support for Bluetooth 5.0 Low Energy and outstanding reception characteristics: The RX23W supports long-distance communication (long-range: 400 m), 2 Mbps (megabit per second) data throughput, and Bluetooth mesh networking, supporting the full functionality of Bluetooth 5.0 Low Energy. Furthermore, the RX23W achieves a 3.0 mA reception mode peak current – the industry’s lowest level – and a reception sensitivity level of -105 dBm at 125 Kbps.A basic protocol stack package and all standard profiles: In addition to a Bluetooth 5.0 basic protocol stack package, Renesas provides API functions that conform to all standard profiles, including a Health Thermometer Profile (HTP), an Environment Sensing Profile (ESP), and an Automation I/O profile (AIOP). These allow users to start prototype development and evaluation quickly and can speed up the user’s development process.A revolutionary development environment that allows simultaneous development of system control and communication control: Renesas provides a Smart Configurator, implemented in a GUI, that can generate all types of MCU peripheral function driver code and pin settings for the e2 Studio integrated development environment (IDE) to generate the Bluetooth driver code. Renesas also developed a QE for BLE that can generate programs for custom profiles and embed them in user application programs to support application program development. Renesas also developed a Bluetooth Trial Tool Suite that allows users to perform initial wireless characteristics evaluations and Bluetooth functional verification in a GUI. The RX23W target board includes antennas and has already acquired certification under Radio Law. The recommended reference price of this board will be US$55 per unit (excluding tax).Secure communications MCU for the IoT: The RX23W integrates Renesas’ Trusted Secure IP (TSIP) as part of its built-in hardware security engine. The TSIP driver uses strong encryption key management with hardware accelerators to securely boot customers’ IoT devices and protect them from security threats. Cryptographic Algorithm Validation Program (CVAP) certification is expected.Reduced Bill of Materials through integration: The RX23W includes a dedicated Bluetooth® high-precision low-speed on-chip oscillator, eliminating the need for external matching circuits and external capacitors. This reduces both BOM (bills of materials) costs and circuit board areas, resulting in lower IoT equipment manufacturing costs.The RX23W includes the RXv2 core, which achieves the high performance of 4.33 Coremark/MHz. Coremark is a benchmark test that the EEMBC (Embedded Microprocessor Benchmark Consortium) has specialized for evaluating CPU cores. It is a set of programs written in the C language that perform operations such as data reads and writes, integer calculations, and control operations. The performance value per unit operating frequency is a score using the CC-RX V3 RX family C/C++ compiler. FPU (floating point unit) is a functional unit that is dedicated to performing floating-point calculations.Pricing and Availability: The RX23W is available now in both 7mm x 7mm 56-pin QFN and 5.5mm x 5.5mm 85-pin GBA packages with 512 KB of on-chip flash memory. For example, the 56-pin QFN package with 512 KB on-chip flash memory will be priced at US$3.83 in 10,000-unit quantities. Click here to learn more about the new Renesas RX23W.last_img read more

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Report: Brentford 3-1 Bristol City

first_imgFormer Bees defender Karleigh Osborne briefly had the Robins on level terms after the hosts had benefited from an early Aden Flint own goal.All that was inside the first 12 minutes, but the Sky Bet League One leaders were back in front when Alan Judge’s shot crept over the line after what originally looked like an excellent save from Elliott Parish.When Marcello Trotta added a third just before the break, it seemed a question of how many Brentford would end up with.City stuck to their task, matching the table toppers for periods of the second half, but never really threatened an unlikely comeback.Steve Cotterill gave a first start to Tyrone Barnett up front, as Jay Emmanuel-Thomas was dropped to the bench for the first time in a league game all season.Also among the substitutes were Bobby Reid, who made way for Marlon Pack, and new loan recruit Wade Elliott, signed only a matter of hours before kick-off.Within three minutes of the first whistle, Simon Gillett was in the book for a startlingly late lunge on Shaleum Logan – although the midfielder’s defence to blame the slippy playing surface may well have had some substance.For the third successive away league match, City found themselves behind before having time to settle into their new surroundings.It was another to add to the ‘preventable’ category too, as Jake Bidwell’s cross from the left looked destined for the expectant grasp of Parish before Flint intervened to slice the ball into his own unguarded net.It was a bitter blow for the visitors to take so early on against a team as high on confidence as Brentford, but the response was instant.Flint had already threatened to make amends with a downward header into the sidenetting before Marvin Elliott won the ball in midfield and Simon Gillett released Osborne in acres of space on the right.With no red and white shirt taking it upon themselves to close him down, the defender kept going before planting a well-struck low shot into the far corner of the net from 20 yards.It was to prove his last action on his return to Griffin Park, seemingly injuring himself in the process of striking the ball. Brendan Moloney took his place.The hosts were stunned, and City nearly took further advantage when Flint’s knockdown presented a glorious chance to Barnett, who could only drag his shot inches wide of the post as the ball dropped.The Robins were undoubtedly holding their own, but a slick team move unhinged them in rather more stylish fashion on 25 minutes.When the ball was played into the feet of Marcello Trotta, Judge’s clever run from deep offered the striker an option for a backheel which totally outfoxed the City defence.As Judge stepped inside and hit a vicious shot from 15 yards, Parish looked to have made a stunning save, but instead only succeeded in parrying the ball into the air before it dropped almost apologetically into the net behind his dive.This time Brentford had a lead they were not prepared to surrender cheaply.Instead they were intent on increasing it, as Clayton Donaldson eluded the offside trap to bear down on goal only for Parish to make a good save.And three minutes before half-time the Bees had their third. Judge was forced wide inside the penalty area but still found the perfect cutback for Trotta to convert from eight yards. It was simple stuff.Cotterill’s response was to hand Wade Elliott his City debut before a ball was kicked after the interval, withdrawing Pack.The midfielder’s first contribution was to add his name to the book with an ill-timed tackle on Alan McCormack.It was to prove a second half to forget as a spectacle. Emmanuel-Thomas was given 25 minutes to produce a couple of pieces of magic but was unable to do so in difficult conditions.Barnett had City’s best opening, cleverly rolling his man before blasting over the crossbar from the edge of the box, but it was a night to forget for Cotterill’s men.last_img read more

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Pep Guardiola happy with Bayern’s players even though they prepared for Barça with a loss

first_img Barça, meanwhile, have scored 14 goals in their last two matches after they ripped Cordoba apart 8-0 on Saturday afternoon. And the Catalan coach is now thinking about his return to Camp Nou on Wednesday, where he will take his Bayern side for the first leg of their Champions League semi-final.  Upd. at 19:17 Bayern Munich manager Pep Guardiola was satisifed with his players on Saturday despite the fact they were beaten by Bayer Leverkusen.  Guardiola will sit on the visiting bench at Camp Nou for the first time as a manager of the opposition since he left Barcelona in 2012.  03/05/2015 “Maybe we should have created more chances, but I am happy with my team and the way they plated. The young players did really well.” center_img Sport EN Both sides come into the game in very different form. “It was a really even and competitive game,” Guardiola said about the 2-0 loss to Leverkusen.  Bayern’s defeat to Leverkusen followed their elimination from the German Cup against Borussia Dortmund last Tuesday. CESTlast_img read more

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