‘We’ve lost one of the greats’: Comedians pay tribute to Ian Cognito after the stand-up dies on stage The 60-year-old fell ill while performing in Oxfordshire. Everyone in the crowd, me included, thought he was joking. Even when I walked on stage and touched his arm I was expecting him to say ‘boo’.The comedian was pronounced dead when emergency services arrived. Cognito, whose real name was Paul Barbieri, never achieved mainstream success but was highly regarded by fellow comedians who paid tribute to him after news broke earlier today. Tweeting about Cognito’s onstage death, Jimmy Carr said it was a “commitment to comedy”. Source: Shappi Khorsandi/Twitter Matt Lucas, star of Little Britain, said he was in shock following the news of Cognito’s sudden passing. “He was always kind to me when I started out, and brilliant and provocative and entirely original onstage. What a loss,” Lucas tweeted. Rufus Hound said on Twitter “we have lost one of the greats”. 59,101 Views Veteran stand-up comedian Ian Cognito has died on-stage – literally. The audience thought it was part of the act. Died with his boots on. That’s commitment to comedy. I’ll never forget his kindness when I started out & how god damn funny he was. Apr 12th 2019, 9:26 PM Ian Cognito has died.That might not mean much to you if your knowledge of stand-up only extends to a screen but for anyone who ever sat down in a comedy club and saw him on a stage – this is a hard one.Puck grew up and now Puck is dead.We have lost one of the greats. Shit.— Rufus Hound 🌨 (@RufusHound) April 12, 2019 Ian Cognito dying makes me think of all the wonderful comedians in our community over these 20 years. I love you all. I mean that. Time goes by and we don’t gig together and i think that eventually we will…and then this happens.— Shappi Khorsandi (@ShappiKhorsandi) April 12, 2019 Thing about Ian Cognito was it didn’t matter if you did a weekend with him, an evening, an hour, or only met him for a few seconds you’d walk away with a story to tell. Sometimes you’d have to tell it to the police, but always exciting to be around. Always. RIP old friend x pic.twitter.com/0L7iOW7LvE— Omid Djalili (@omid9) April 12, 2019 8 Comments COMEDIANS HAVE BEEN paying tribute to stand-up Ian Cognito who died on stage during a gig in Oxfordshire last night. The 60-year-old is believed to have not felt well before the show at The Atic bar in Bicester. The show’s organiser, Andrew Bird, told the BBC that during the show when Cognito sat down and fell silent, everyone in the crowd thought he was joking. Share53 Tweet Email https://jrnl.ie/4590060 A sad day for the comedy community. He was a legend of the circuit. Funny and unique. Incredible writer and performer. https://t.co/M9Pv6G7j8F— Joe Bor (@josephbor) April 12, 2019 By Adam Daly Source: Rufus Hound 🌨/Twitter Source: Joe Bor/Twitter Source: Hayley Ellis/Twitter Sad news about Ian Cognito always properly lovely to me.if someone has the link he did where he did a promo video for a club bailing water out of his barge please send it me. It’s hilarious.— Hayley Ellis (@Hayles_Ellis) April 12, 2019 Source: Omid Djalili/Twitter Friday 12 Apr 2019, 9:25 PM Short URL Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Health Minister Simon Harris Harris says €2k payment will be on top of any redress payment. It is an immediate assistance payment, and separate to govt commitment of redress payments— TheJournal Politics (@TJ_Politics) June 12, 2018 66 Comments CervicalCheck interim report says €2k payment should be given to women affected immediately Today’s interim report has recommended that women should not encounter any financial obstacles while participating in investigations. Source: TheJournal Politics/Twitter http://jrnl.ie/4066462 Vicky Phelan also spoke to Drivetime this evening. She said that she had faith in Scally’s work and wasn’t surprised by the obstacles that he faced.“I’m not surprised that Gabriel has been stonewalled to be honest, I know he didn’t use the term, but I certainly would.”He’s trying to do this in a way that there aren’t going to be any injunctions taken or any legal objections, so that he does it all right, so that there can’t be any loopholes for this not to happen. I fully believe that he will get to the end of the inquiry that will lead to a commission of investigation.She said that it was “important for me that this story is kept alive” and added that she was happy with the recommendation of ex-gratia payments.Last month, Fianna Fáil’s health spokesperson Stephen Donnelly highlighted that women caught up in the scandal were borrowing money.“Women are borrowing money to get to healthcare appointments on the other side of the country,” Donnelly said, adding that there is “no central point of contact” and “no counselling” for the women.In addition, the findings contained in two reports provided to the Minister of Health Simon Harris today call for a process to be commenced to hold structured conversations with all of the women who wish to have their experiences documented.The relevant surviving family members of any affected woman who has died should also be consulted with, if they so wish.Updating the CervicalCheck guide Dr Scally also calls for the provision of a more comprehensive guide to the CervicalCheck screening programme online.He said information statements should be provided to women about the limitations of the tests in all relevant CervicalCheck documentation and on the website. It should be more explicit about the possible reasons why screening might miss abnormalities that are present as these can result in the development of cervical cancer, he added.The interim report also states that information accompanying the consent form should guarantee that patients will have full and open access to their cervical screening record on request.That information should guarantee that should there be a problem or error of any significance with the screening or reporting process, open disclosure of all the details will take place in a timely, considerate and accurate manner.Speaking after Cabinet today, Harris said he welcomed Dr Scally’s first reports and said he would be accepting the recommendations in full.“Following the approval of government, I am making arrangements for the ex-gratia payment as recommended by Dr Scally. This payment relates to addressing any financial obstacles women might encounter in having their voices heard as part of his work.“It would not be a bar to further payment in due course. I have also requested Dr Scally to identify arrangements that he could put in place as part of his inquiry to undertake the process of structured conversations,” said the minister.In relation to the information being provided to women who take part in the CervicalCheck programme, Harris said:It should be noted that Dr Scally found that the provision of information to women in Ireland who take part in our screening service is comparable with that available elsewhere and in some respects is better.“He also found that the process of completing a consent form at the time of screening is a major strength of the Irish programme.However, he does make a number of important recommendations to improve the information provided to women, including strengthening the statements on the limitations of screening. I will immediately ask the HSE to implement the four recommendations related to this.Dr Scally has assured the minister that he will continue to provide reports as they are completed so that answers can be provided as soon as they are established.“When we set up this Inquiry I was very clear about the need to examine the facts and get answers quickly for Irish women, while also identifying issues that may merit a further full statutory investigation,” said the minister.“I’m very pleased that Dr Scally’s work is progressing and he has already come to me with a list of recommendations which will improve the information provided to women who take part in our screening service and help support those who wish to participate in the Scally process.”- with reporting from Gráinne Ní Aodha Jun 12th 2018, 1:17 PM By Christina Finn Health Minister Simon Harris Image: Sam Boal Tuesday 12 Jun 2018, 1:17 PM Image: Sam Boal 17,832 Views Share160 Tweet Email Short URL The problem is the volume of information that we’re going to have to go through and its availability to us, because it is not yet coming either in quantity I would want it or in the way I would want it.Scally said that he will be getting in touch with Health Minister Simon Harris in the next day to inform him if he doesn’t get the information he wants.“I will not be letting walls get in my way, whether they are stone or otherwise,” he said. AN IMMEDIATE EX-gratia payment of €2,000 should be paid to each woman involved in the CervicalCheck scandal and to the next of kin of the deceased, according to the interim findings of the Scally Inquiry.The CervicalCheck controversy came into the public eye when Vicky Phelan, whose cervical cancer is now terminal, settled a High Court action against the HSE and the US laboratory tasked with reviewing one of her smears.At least 18 women whose smear tests were highlighted during an audit have since died. Health Minister Simon Harris launched an inquiry into the controversy last month, giving the investigation a June deadline to carry out its work.Today’s interim report, carried out by Dr Gabriel Scally, has recommended that women should not encounter any financial obstacles while participating and making their voices heard in relation to both the Scoping Inquiry and any resulting Commission of Inquiry.Speaking on RTÉ’s Drivetime with Mary Wilson this evening, Scally said that the women involved have been fantastic, but that it had been difficult to obtain information, particularly in the format he wanted it in so that it’s easy to search through. “As you can see I am frustrated by it,” he said.
Tuesday 19 Jun 2018, 12:00 PM Aidan McAnespie Image: PA Archive/PA Images A BRITISH SOLDIER will face a manslaughter charge over the death of Aidan McAnespie.The 23-year-old was shot shortly after crossing an army checkpoint on his way to Aughaloo GAC on 21 February 1988. The soldier involved claimed the killing was accidental. He said that his wet hands slipped on the trigger.Aidan’s killing sparked widespread anger and led to the Irish government appointing then Deputy Garda Commissioner Eugene Crowley to carry out an inquiry.However, the full content of the report was not made public.Today, the McAnespie family was informed that a soldier will face prosecution over the killing.The Public Prosecutions Service (PPS) in Northern Ireland confirmed the charge. A statement said:“The 48-year-old man is to be prosecuted for the offence of gross negligence manslaughter in connection with the fatal shooting of Mr Aidan McAnespie moments after he passed through an army checkpoint on his way to a Gaelic football match.“The suspect was first charged with Mr McAnespie’s manslaughter in 1988. However, these proceedings were withdrawn at Belfast Magistrates’ Court in September 1988 after a decision not to prosecute was taken upon the evidence available at that time.”A PPS spokesperson said the decision to prosecute the former soldier was taken after a review was conducted into the original decision not to bring a prosecution in connection with the 23-year-old’s death.The review commenced in January 2016 after the case was referred to the PPS by the Attorney General for Northern Ireland.“Following careful consideration of all the evidence currently available in this case, and having received advice from Senior Counsel, it has been decided to prosecute a former soldier for the offence of gross negligence manslaughter.“That evidence includes further expert evidence in relation to the circumstances in which the general purpose machine gun was discharged, thereby resulting in the ricochet shot which killed Mr McAnespie.“The decision to prosecute was reached after the Test for Prosecution was applied to the available evidence in this case in accordance with the Code for Prosecutors.”Comments are closed as the matter is due before the courts. Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Share289 Tweet Email http://jrnl.ie/4078831 No Comments By Paul Hosford Short URL Jun 19th 2018, 12:00 PM Image: PA Archive/PA Images Aidan McAnespie 14,194 Views British soldier to face trial over manslaughter of man shot dead in 1988 The 48-year-old man is to be prosecuted for the offence of gross negligence manslaughter.
PASOK leader Evangelos Venizelos will hold talks on Friday with his counterparts at New Democracy and the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) with the aim of agreeing on a framework for a unity government after Democratic Left leader Fotis Kouvelis on Thursday backed the formation of an ecumenical administration.Kouvelis had previously insisted he would not enter a coalition with ND and PASOK as long as the two parties remained committed to the austerity policies applied over the last two years. The Democratic Left chief now appears to believe that a unity government with a specific agenda could meet his two specific goals of keeping Greece in the euro and moving the country away from the fiscal restrictions of the program agreed with the European Union and International Monetary Fund.“The moment of truth is approaching for everyone,” said Kouvelis. “I propose the formation of an ecumenical government made up of trustworthy political figures that will reflect and respect the message from the elections. “This government’s mission, which will have a specific program and time frame that will last until the European elections of 2014, will be twofold: firstly, to keep the country in the European Union and euro and, secondly, to gradually disengage from the [EU-IMF] memorandum.”Kouvelis, whose name has been linked with the post of prime minister in any unity government, stressed that he and his party do not harbor ambitions of power.Venizelos, who met President Karolos Papoulias yesterday to receive the mandate to explore options for forming a government, said he was encouraged by the content of his talks with Kouvelis.“The discussion I had with Mr Kouvelis was very substantive,” said the PASOK leader. “Mr Kouvelis set out a specific and responsible proposal. We are very close, it is virtually in line with our suggestion for the creation of a national unity government that seeks to move beyond the memorandum within three years.”Sources said that Venizelos and Kouvelis realize that the formation of a government with the support of New Democracy but not SYRIZA would raise questions about its viability. Sunday’s elections saw the leftist coalition more than treble its share of the vote to 16.78 percent, which gave it 52 seats in Parliament. Although a PASOK-ND-Democratic Left administration would have a total of 168 seats, there are fears that SYRIZA’s growing popularity, along with opposition from the other parliamentary parties – Independent Greeks, the Communist Party [KKE) and Chrysi Avgi (Golden Dawn) – which are all opposed to the EU-IMF memorandum, would make governing difficult.However, ND, PASOK and Democratic Left will have to balance this against the possibility that if no agreement is reached and new elections are held, SYRIZA will increase its share of the vote and the others will see their support decline. An opinion poll conducted by Marc for Alpha TV indicatedon Thursday that this is exactly what would happen. It put SYRIZA in first place on 23.8 percent, followed by ND on 17.4, PASOK on 10.8, Independent Greeks on 8.7, KKE on 6, Chrysi Avgi on 4.9 and Democratic Left on 4.2.SYRIZA’s initial reaction to the consensus between PASOK and Democratic Left suggests the leftist coalition will find it difficult to accept a role in a unity government. Sources says SYRIZA believes the administration would not do enough to prevent harsh cuts in the months ahead.SYRIZA leader Alexis Tsipras wrote to EU officials on Thursday to argue that the election result had taken away political legitimacy from the memorandum and that the terms of the agreement should be “re-examined,” which was a softer stance than the outright rejection of the deal the party seemed to have been advocating in its election campaign. Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram I’ve been interested in the commentary about the Aussie dollar’s loss of value against the US dollar. At the start of May, one Australian dollar could buy $1.05 American; this week it was down to buying 0.93 American cents. The portents have all seemed grim, but what does the Australian dollar actually mean? For starters, the relative value of our currency is not always a bellwether on how we are doing as a nation. In June 1998, Australia’s economy was growing at 3.9 per cent and John Howard called us the Strongman of Asia, yet the Aussie dollar could only buy .58 American cents. In mid-June 2006, the Aussie dollar traded at US.73¢ during a time when the government had surpluses, unemployment was low and we had an equities boom. What lifted the value of the Australian dollar above US$1.00 from late 2010 to May of this year was our trade performance relative to the US economy: resources were being exported in large quantities and at high prices at a time when the US economy was flat. For most readers this phase meant significant purchasing power when travelling overseas and very good terms from online American retailers. But life isn’t all about cheap holidays and cut-price Nikons. Our manufacturing sector suffered under a high dollar because it was cheaper for Australians to source goods overseas, while local companies found it hard to export because the exchange rate favourable to Australia made the goods expensive for the importing nations. Over the past two years we saw a ‘two speed’ economy, where resource exporters could thrive regardless of the high Aussie dollar because what they were exporting was in high demand, while local manufacturers went backwards. Our domestic energy consumption has flattened due in part to manufacturers operating at under-capacity or going out of business during this phase. Now that the Aussie dollar is buying less than one American dollar perhaps we should remind ourselves why it is not so bad for our local manufacturing, hospitality and tourism. With a weakening dollar, Australia looks like a reasonably-priced destination for international tourists and a place where Aussies will holiday rather than going overseas. This also gives the tourism ancillaries – cafes, pubs, restaurants and accommodation – a boost. These industries are not to be trifled with: the services economy is larger than mining, contributing to around 70 per cent of our GDP and about 75 per cent of employment. And with the Aussie dollar not so high, Australian manufacturers – many of whom operate at a quality and price premium compared to Asian competition – can find opportunities again where the high dollar is not a hindrance. There is an argument that the resources boom was actually a market distortion, and that a strong dollar and repressed manufacturing was the price to pay. Now that the resources boom is passing, perhaps the accompanying lower Aussie dollar is better for a much larger slice of the economy than the high dollar was aiding. * Mark Bouris is the Executive Chairman of Yellow Brick Road, a financial services company offering home loans, financial planning, accounting & tax and insurance. Email Markonmark.firstname.lastname@example.org with any queries you may have or check www.ybr.com.au for your nearest branch.
Dian Gatti has been appointed Head of Retail Banking, the Bank of Sydney announced last week. Ms Gatti has an impressive and extensive track record of leadership within the Australian banking industry. Ms Gatti joins Bank of Sydney after a career spanning 25 years at Westpac. During this time, she has covered every role from teller to regional general manager, South Sydney. She also won one of Westpac’s highest awards, the ‘Alfred Davidson Award’. In her role as regional general manager, South Sydney, she lifted the performance of the team to be one of the highest performing businesses in NSW. Her knowledge and experience combined with her passion to develop her people and team will allow Bank of Sydney to provide a VIP service to the bank’s customers. Ms Gatti spent two years running the customer experience unit nationally within Westpac and believes strongly in putting customers first. Mrs Julie Elliott, CEO of Bank of Sydney, welcomed Ms Dian Gatti to the bank’s team and said: “as promised, we are taking every action to assure you of our commitment to provide our customers with excellent service and our staff great opportunities. The appointment of Ms Gatti comes in line with the bank’s strategy to become Australia’s top relationship driven bank offering customers a premium service and also bringing top talent to the bank.” Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Eurozone officials meeting in Athens on Tuesday approved the release of 8.3 billion euros in rescue loans, to be disbursed in three installations, as Greek Finance Minister Yannis Stournaras indicated that a return to the bond markets was on the cards.Addressing a news conference after talks with eurozone finance ministers, Eurogroup President Jeroen Dijsselbloem confirmed that a troika review that had dragged on for seven months “can now conclude” and that pending rescue funding to Greece can be disbursed. “This has been an arduous process but we have now a positive outcome,” Dijsselbloem said.The money is to be disbursed in three parts – a first installment of 6.3 billion euros by the end of April, with another two each worth 1 billion to be paid out in June and July respectively. The first instalment of 6.3 billion euros, along with another 3.4 billion the International Monetary Fund is expected to release, will allow Athens to cover some 9 billion euros in bonds expiring in May.Eurogroup officials said that the 6.3 billion euros was dependent on Athens implementing reforms in a multi-bill voted through Parliament last Sunday. The two additional loans were linked to six “milestones” each which have already been agreed between Greek authorities and the troika, officials on both sides said.Officials also touched on prospects for talks on Greek debt relief, noting that a date for discussions could be set once the European Commission’s statistics service, Eurostat, confirms Greek predictions of a primary surplus. Asked about the outlook for Greece returning to capital markets, European Economic and Monetary Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn said such a move could happen “at some point in the relatively near future.”At an informal meeting of European Union finance ministers, or Ecofin, that followed the Eurogroup, Stournaras confirmed that the government is preparing to return to international bond markets. He said that there would be an offering before the end of June and that the note would have a maturity of three to five years.Speaking from the Aegean island of Syros, SYRIZA leader Alexis Tsipras dismissed the government’s position that Tuesday’s events were an indication that Greece is returning to “normality.” He pointed to Dijsselbloem’s comment as an indication that Greece could yet be forced to agree to a third bailout “on the troika’s terms.” Source: ekathimerini Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
To continue on a successful working partnership, AHEPA Youth and NUGAS Victoria team up once again to present their second Business Breakfast, with a Q&A panel discussion on ‘Building Your Career Brand: How to Stand Out’.“The main value proposition of the breakfast is at this time, in our economy and in our society graduates from university are finding it increasingly tough and competitive to secure employment,” AHEPA Youth’s Jiannis Tsaousis told Neos Kosmos. “We’ve got millions more students who are attending university, and now attending university is just a basic requirement for employment and does not help one in self-differentiating. This Business Breakfast will give them a chance, and a raw insight, to develop their own personal brand to stand out in what is an increasingly competitive job market.”Taking place at the Crown Palladium, topics covered will include how you can stand out, self-differentiate, secure employment and succeed in the workplace.Those attending will have the opportunity to pick the brains of a number of leading Australian professionals, including the Honorary Jeff Kennett AC, Victoria University Chancellor George Pappas, and leading digital marketing and brand strategist Con Frantzeskos. Each panellist will share their career experiences, highlights, greatest lessons and challenges as to provide an invaluable insight and source of inspiration. “The other great thing about the breakfast is the connections,” he said.“Students and professionals alike will be seated at industry tables, so there’ll be plenty of mingling opportunity and it’ll be specific to your discipline, your studies, your interest, your passion, your experience.”The AHEPA Youth and NUGAS Victoria Business Breakfast will be held on Tuesday 31 March and will run from 7.30 am to 9.30 am at the Crown Palladium. Tickets start from $45 (incl. a full Crown signature breakfast) and are currently available for purchase online at www.trybooking.com/GQTZ Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram Greece accepted Egypt’s request to take over the diplomatic representation for the country in Qatar, after the two countries severed ties. The agreement came after a phonecall between Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias and the Foreign Minister of Egypt, Sameh Hassan Shoukry, in which the Egyptian side made the request. “Within the framework of the traditionally friendly relations Greece maintains with the Arab world, Mr Kotzias responded positively to his Egyptian counterpart’s request,” reads the statement issued by the Greek Foreign Ministry. “Greece is at the disposal of all sides to contribute in any way to the benefit of regional cooperation and stability,” it added.This decision came after Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Yemen, the United Arab Emirates, and Libya announced that they were cutting diplomatic relations with Qatar accusing Doha of supporting extremists and terrorism, which has lead to a rise in tensions in the country.
KAS, Greece’s Central Archaeological Council and the top advisory body on the protection of antiquities, has ruled that more than 30 hectares in Elliniko is of archaeological interest.On Tuesday the council met for the fourth time in a month to discuss the case, as the location of the archaeological findings coincides with the 620 hectare plot of a planned real estate investment. It is not yet clear to what extent this ruling will affect the commercial development of the former international airport by Greek company Lamda, who signed a 99-year lease with the state in 2014.Lamda and its co-investors from China and the UAE are extremely disappointed Kathimerini reports, having submitted an €8 billion plan in July, committing to turn the site into one of Europe’s biggest coastal resorts. Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Over 60,000 migrants and refugees are reportedly confined in overcrowded camps in Greece according to data submitted to the United Nations.Meanwhile, most of their medical needs remain unmet, based on a report from humanitarian organisation Doctors of the World earlier this month. The unsanitary conditions of the camps are aggravating the already dire health conditions while constantly deteriorating weather raises more concerns.Asylum seekers in Greece are granted access to hospitals and medical care but the public health system is struggling to rise up to the situation, and is strapped for funding and supplies.Doctors of the World found that 72 per cent of the health problems refugees faced were treated “inadequately or not at all”.At the same time, refugee and migrant women found medical care difficult to access due to a lack of information about their rights or facing cultural restrictions. “Every mother deserves good care before, during and post pregnancy. Their residential status should not affect this basic right,” Nikitas Kanakis, head of Doctors of the World Greece told Reuters.Antenatal care is especially important as there are significant risks of complications during childbirth or passing on diseases such as HIV or Hepatitis B, the World Health Organisation warns. Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Pouce et tétine, les orthodontistes alertent les parents Lundi à Paris, la Fédération française d’orthodontie (FFO) a ouvert son congrès au grand public. Thème de la matinée : pouce ou tétine ? quelles conséquences sur la croissance faciale et dentaire ? et jusqu’à quel âge ? Les spécialistes ont choisi d’apporter leur éclairage sur un sujet “un peu conflictuel”.Dès le plus jeune âge, les bébés éprouvent le besoin naturel de téter quelque chose. Si certains parviendront à s’en passer, la majorité d’entre eux opte alors pour l’une des deux alternatives principales : le pouce ou la tétine. Or, si ces deux moyens ont la capacité de rassurer l’enfant, ils peuvent susciter de nombreuses inquiétudes et questions chez les parents : le pouce ou la tétine représente t-il un risque pour les bébés ? C’est l’une des questions auxquelles a décidé de répondre la Fédération française d’orthodontie (FFO) qui a ouvert lundi son congrès au grand public. “On a eu envie de faire cette journée parce qu’on s’est aperçu que les enfants ont de plus en plus le pouce ou la tétine à des âges un peu surprenants”, jusqu’à 5, 6, voire 8 ans, déplore le stomatologue Jean-Baptiste Kerbrat. En effet, si les spécialistes ont reconnu que pouce comme tétine présentaient un risque pour les enfants, ils ont surtout alerté contre une persistance de ces pratiques. “Tout le problème est d’évoquer la dualité entre un besoin infantile, qu’on peut comprendre, et un besoin qui dure dans le temps, qui là devient pathologique, et qui entraîne des malformations faciales”, précise le Dr Kerbrat. Mais la tétine et le pouce ne sont pas les seuls concernés : “le bout de drap ou le doudou qu’on suçote toute la nuit, toutes ces choses qui rassurent l’enfant” peuvent perturber l’évolution normale de sa fonction de déglutition et également sa respiration. Ainsi, les enfants qui tètent tardivement ont “un palais beaucoup plus étroit, plus creux, une mâchoire qui n’est pas assez large, donc forcément une mauvaise position des dents et puis aussi des incisives beaucoup plus en avant”. Un quart des patients traités par les orthodontistes sont d’ailleurs d’anciens suceurs tardifs, précise Le Figaro.fr.La tétine, une alternative plus nocive choisie par les parents Outre les risques de téter tardivement, les spécialistes ont également souligné le côté pernicieux de la tétine que les parents jugent très souvent mais à tort, plus adaptée que le pouce. “La tétine ‘physiologique’ ou orthodontique, ça n’existe pas !”, clame le stomatologue. En effet, bien que le pouce “déforme un peu plus”, la tétine présente un inconvénient important. “L’enfant comprend très vite que s’il ne la tète pas en permanence, elle tombera de sa bouche, et qu’elle est plus difficile à récupérer qu’un pouce, toujours accroché à la main ! Il va donc la téter vigoureusement, ce qui est mauvais pour le palais. À l’inverse, beaucoup d’enfants qui sucent leur pouce ne font en fait que le caresser avec la langue, sans force. On le voit s’il glisse de leur bouche quand ils dorment ou si on peut le leur retirer facilement”, explique le Dr Gisèle Delhaye-Thépaut, ancienne présidente de la FFO. De plus, l’aspect psychologique tient également une place importante. “Le pouce c’est toujours pour l’enfant une façon d’essayer de combler un manque”, commente ainsi la psychanalyste Claude Halmos, qui souligne que la tétine, elle, est proposée par l’adulte. “Quand il s’agit de nourrissons, si ça rassure les mères, pourquoi pas. Ce contre quoi je m’élève, c’est ces enfants qui ont deux, trois, quatre ans, qui parlent, qui marchent, qui vont à l’école, et qui se promènent avec ce truc dans la bouche”, poursuit-elle. “C’est très profondément perturbant pour l’enfant”, à la fois “appelé à être grand et renvoyé à des sensations de quand il était nourrisson”. Une habitude à faire perdre dès 2-3 ans À lire aussiBébé : 3 conseils pour être un super papa selon la scienceD’après le Dr Gisèle Delhaye-Thépaut, le meilleur âge pour tenter de faire perdre cette habitude à un enfant se situe autour de deux-trois ans. “C’est un moment de sa vie où il développe d’autres sujets d’intérêt qui lui donnent de l’assurance : la marche, la parole, l’entrée à l’école et le contact avec les autres. Le “deuil” du pouce ou de la tétine en sera ainsi facilité”, estime t-elle. Côté pratique, le Dr Kerbrat recommande ainsi d’arrêter les biberons dès que l’enfant sait boire et d’exclure absolument toute tétouille sucrée, “catastrophique” pour les dents. Enfin, si tétine il y a, il conseille de se limiter à un seul exemplaire et de l’enlever lorsque l’enfant s’est endormi afin de limiter les perturbations et d’éviter que celui-ci ne s’y attache trop. Le 7 novembre 2011 à 15:20 • Maxime Lambert
Le mystère des coups de soleil enfin élucidéUne équipe de chercheurs américains a finalement élucidé le processus à l’origine de l’apparition des coups de soleil. Un mal bien connu mais qui restait assez mystérieux jusqu’ici.Voici une étude qui éveillera très certainement l’intérêt des vacanciers, malgré la météo mitigée. Une équipe de chercheurs de l’Université de San Diego en Californie, se sont penchés sur les mécanismes à l’origine des coups de soleil. Pour ce faire, les scientifiques ont observé des souris ainsi que des cellules de peau humaine en culture exposées à un rayonnement Ultraviolet B (UVB).Leurs résultats, parus dans la revue Nature Medecine, indiquent que dans les deux cas, le même phénomène s’est produit. Les UVB ont détérioré des molécules très particulières appelées microARN, des fragments présents dans les cellules et qui jouent un rôle dans la régulation de l’expression des gènes. Plus précisément, les chercheurs ont observé que les microARN altérés sont expulsés dans le milieu extracellulaire (hors de la cellule) où ils se retrouvent alors en contact avec les autres cellules. Un contact inhabituel qui provoque une inflammation chez ces dernières. D’où les rougeurs et les sensations que l’on peut ressentir après avoir pris un coup de soleil.Mais si ce phénomène est douloureux, les scientifiques estiment que celui-ci serait destiné à protéger notre peau. “Cette réponse inflammatoire est importante pour amorcer le processus de cicatrisation après la mort d’une cellule” explique sur le site de l’Université de San Diego, Richard Gallo, dermatologue et directeur de l’étude. Cité par Le Point.fr, celui-ci poursuit : “Nous croyons aussi que cela permet en quelque sorte de nettoyer les cellules ayant subi des dommages génétiques avant que celles-ci ne deviennent cancéreuses”. Un espoir de traitement pour les peaux sensibles À lire aussiDengue : symptômes, traitement, prévention, où en est-on ?Suite à cette découverte, les chercheurs s’attèlent donc désormais à trouver un potentiel remède permettant de bloquer le processus en cours, évitant ainsi les brulures superficielles de la peau. Le traitement bien que potentiellement à risque, pourrait permettre de préserver les patients intolérants aux UV. En outre, ces recherches pourraient également fournir des informations supplémentaires afin d’expliquer pourquoi certaines peaux sont plus sensibles que d’autres à l’exposition solaire. D’après les scientifiques, les causes seraient probablement génétiques. Mais s’ils sont parvenus à identifier de tels gènes chez la souris, pour l’heure, aucun n’a été découvert chez l’homme. Le 17 juillet 2012 à 11:43 • Maxime Lambert
Pokémon Go is currently taking the world by storm, but not in an official capacity in all regions. Niantic has slowed its global rollout in light of its server issues, but the company might have trouble launching at all in Russia. The government there has been making noise about banning or heavily regulating games like Pokémon Go. Now, to give Russian Pokémon fans a government-approved augmented reality outlet, Moscow City Hall will be releasing a mobile game where players catch Russian historical figures instead of Pokémon. That sounds… fun? Well, government-mandated fun, which is a very boring kind of fun.Niantic made the dubious decision not to geo-restrict the game at the device level. That has allowed Android users around the world to simply download the APK file and start playing before it’s launched in their country. So, there are already Pokémon fans playing in Russia, and the government is very worried about the influence this American-made game will have on the people.According to Russia’s consumer rights watchdog Rospotrebnadzor, Pokémon Go could have “possible harmful psychological effects.” There was even a recent scaremongering news report claiming that Pokémon Go players could face up to three years in prison if caught playing the game near an international border or military base. Several Russian lawmakers have also expressed the sentiment that Pokémon Go is a CIA plot.To thwart the CIA’s covert gaming endeavor, Russia will launch Know Moscow by the end of August. Like Pokémon Go, players will wander around to collect things. Instead of fun Japanese pocket monsters, they will find the likes of Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, and Alexander Pushkin. You won’t be able to battle your collected historical figures, which is a bummer. That might have actually made this kind of awesome. Who wouldn’t want to see Ivan the Terrible battle Rasputin in augmented reality? As it stands, I doubt Know Moscow will put much of a dent in the demand for Pokémon Go. Now you excuse me, I have a Legendary Vladimir Putin to snag.
Humans usually steer clear when an industrial robot is doing it’s thing building objects or moving heavy equipment. It’s just safer that way. But French designers Pierre Emm and Johan da Silveira figured if a robot arm was accurate enough to assemble things, it could probably hold a tattoo machine. The pair embarked on a quest to turn an industrial robot into a tattoo artist and captured the process on video.This project was undertaken as part of an artistic residency at Pier 9 in San Francisco. Emm and da Silveira previously made a similar modification to a Makerbot 3D printer in the past, but the extruder in that device can’t move as freely as the robot arm used this time. Of course, it was also not as dangerous. The artists worked with Autodesk’s applied research laboratory to make the robotic tattoo happen. Before anyone was getting inked, the team had to investigate the safety aspect, which was largely unexplored. People just don’t interact in such an intimate fashion with industrial robots.With some standards in place, Emm was strapped in to undergo tattooing. Really, his leg was restrained quite securely. The team took a 3D scan of his leg to give the robot precise positioning information, so he couldn’t really move around after that. A human tattoo artist can adjust to subtle movements, but not a robot.The robot arm was able to draw a tight spiral line on Emm’s leg. The robot did it all in a single line, so you can see toward the end of the spiral that it was running low on ink. It was probably too complicated to have the robot stop mid-line and pick up more ink like a human would. Still, the tattoo looks very precise. With a few modifications, a robot arm could probably produce some nice geometric tattoos.
The Power Rangers are back, and they’re friendlier than ever.Imagine falling into a coma in the year 1994 and waking up today. Everyone’s still talking about Clinton, Trump, vinyl, Batman, Superman, Final Fantasy, and Power Rangers. You’d either be disappointed, elated, or feel some kind of Mark Hamill-at-the-end-of-Force-Awakens emotion. Did culture just stop? Or did it…morph?If you don’t remember Mighty Morphin’ Power Rangers, a mish-mash of American teen melodrama and footage from Japanese tokusatsu shows, then you didn’t have a childhood. Just kidding. But if you thought 80s nostalgia was wearing out its welcome, then get ready for the return (onslaught?) of nerdy properties from the 1990s.The difference with Power Rangers is that it never went away. It’s still going! And there’ve been around 19 different shows based on the Rangers since the early 90s. You can throw all the Putty Patrols you want at it, but there’s no defeating a series this resilient.Grae Drake, senior editor of Rotten Tomatoes, touched on that point at the Theater in Madison Square Garden, before she introduced the cast of the new movie. “The 90s brought us so many great things,” Drake said to the crowd. “Slap bracelets… they brought us Discmans… they also brought us the musical group, Nelson. Not a lot of cheering for Nelson. And not one of those things has survived the test of time like these five teenagers.”Then the director, Dean Israelite, took the stage, alongside Ludi Lin (Black Ranger Zack), Naomi Scott (Pink Ranger Kimberly), RJ Cyler (Blue Ranger Billy), Becky G (Yellow Ranger Trini), and Dacre Montgomery (Red Ranger Jason). Bryan Cranston (Zordon), Elizabeth Banks (Rita Repulsa), and Bill Hader (Alpha 5) were noticeably absent. No Bulk and Skull either.But the new Rangers were relaxed, open, and ready to talk about bringing the Rangers to life on the big screen.On tackling Power Rangers in the modern age…Dean Israelite: Really, there were two things that were important to me. I grew up on Power Rangers in South Africa. What was important to me from the beginning was making a movie about growing up, and I wanted to make this a grounded character-driven origin story that was always set to the backdrop of this fantastic adventure. So, always at the center of the approach was making these characters real and identifiable as they go on this big, spectacular odyssey.On stuntwork and training…Becky G: I think I just got caught up a couple of times in the hustle of, like, ‘Okay, next shot, next shot,’ but I gotta go pee! And the next thing you know I got a, uh, a sprained ankle.Naomi Scott: I mean, there were a few accidents, I think.Becky G: A lot.Naomi Scott: When I was training, obviously, there’s choreography, and for the first time I was ever on screen doing choreography, [embarrassingly] I literally punched someone on the mouth and made them bleed—one of our stunt performers.Ludi Lin: And the nicest person, too! The person that least deserves it.Naomi Scott: Well, I bled as well…RJ Cyler: No, that was his blood on your knuckle.[crowd laughs]Ludi Lin: Each time, we went into this warehouse full of wires, full of mats, full of weight equipment… it felt like superhero training. I felt like I was in there to prepare to save the world, y’know?On their favorite “move” or “jam”…RJ Cyler: Well, let’s be honest. If I were RJ, I like to run away a lot, okay? …I like to run away with strategy. That’s my plan, y’know? I see confrontation, okay, I can either go down this way, or I can go down this alley that’s lit, there’s a police officer, there, I’ll be safe! But I think my favorite move to do now, right—I like working with my hands; I like boxing, and stuff like that—but my stunt double Aaron taught me this thing called the axe kick, right? And I cannot do it in these jeans because they are entirely too tight…Grae Drake: Aw, you can’t do an approximation?Ludi Lin: Use your fingers! Go!RJ Cyler: [miming with his fingers] It’s like, it’s like, it goes straight up—Ludi Lin: Wataaaaaaaaaaa!![crowd laughs]RJ Cyler: It’s with that sound, though! The reason why it’s my favorite move is because I’m already tall, right, and this move makes me feel way taller, ’cause my legs are long! So it makes it seem like I can fight, but I can’t! So I really love that about this character, Billy. We can’t fight, but it looks like we can, y’know?On the giant robots, the Zords…Dacre Montogomery: The Zords that make an appearance in the film are incredible. And working with the technology that we did work with, these sort of flight simulator machines, are pretty extraordinary. Especially from me, y’know, coming from a small town in Australia, and then suddenly being on this huge film set, and we’re flying around in the final days in this pod, like… Y’know, seeing Chris Pratt do it behind the scenes in Guardians of the Galaxy—huge shout-out, I love that film [crowd agrees]–and suddenly being in there, being directed by this great guy, and these guys around, and watching them do it as well… Then the Zords sort of come to life… But they’re incredible; they’re huge! They’re huge things, and I think it definitely takes you on that journey, that those epic sort of Marvel, DC-world films at the moment which are so incredible to watch at the cinema! Just getting lost in these worlds created by the special effects crew. The kind of technology we have at the moment is so incredible; it becomes so realistic.Dean Israelite: Now, what was important to me was to make sure that these guys were really there. We built all of their cockpits and put them on a huge platform and built two techno cranes. It’s basically like being in a crazy roller coaster for 12 hours a day. I shot so much footage that we broke the record for dailies for three days in a row.Ludi Lin: We felt the physicality. It was difficult; it was hard. I now know how controlling a big, gigantic machine should feel.RJ Cyler: These Zords don’t have airbags, this ain’t no Prius. I left with a lot of bruises, even though I’m chocolatey.”Becky G: I had a hard time in the Zord. They caught me praying in Spanish.Dean Israelite: I asked ‘What’s going on?’ and they went ‘She’s praying.’Then, after a short video with Elizabeth Banks, who apologized for not being at New York Comic Con, (but namedropped the Putty Patrol and Goldar), the crowd at MSG got to watch the new teaser trailer. If you saw it, you know it contains a lot of teenage angst and Sam Raimi Spider-Man-style superpower discovery (complete with leaps across chasms), but not a whole lot of Power Rangers-specific details besides an Angel Grove sign. No peeks at Zords, Zordon, or even the suits. Director Dean Israelite tried to assuage everyone that we will be getting the Zords, the spaceship, the Putties, Alpha 5, Goldar, everything. But still no mention of Bulk and Skull!Then it was Q&A time.What’s your character’s major trait?Ludi Lin: My character is Zack. I think he’s charged. He’s always amped up and charged and ready to go.Naomi Scott: Kimberly has a maturity about her, and I respect that because I’m not always so mature myself.RJ Cyler: I play Billy the Blue Ranger, and my favorite characteristic is that he’s wholehearted in every situation. But I’m wholehearted in every situation.Becky G: What I love about Trini is that she’s independent. She’s a loner, but she owns it.Dacre Montogomery: Jason’s pretty empathetic and that’s what leads him to having a relationship with all these people in different social circles.RJ Cyler: [speaking of Dean Israelite] His New Balance collection! That’s a trait everyone should see.What was the feeling you got when you first morphed into the Power Rangers?Ludi Lin: It’s about the process of becoming a superhero. The suit comes from within. It’s about discovery; it’s a coming of age story.Becky G: I learned a lot filming this movie, it felt like I deserved that moment. I felt like I deserved my suit.How did you build that team friendship on and off camera?Becky G: Dean [the director] took on that leader role from the beginning. Right away, he reached out, ‘Hey we have a Whatsapp going on.’ We would be sending pictures of what we were doing so it awesome to already have that.Ludi Lin: I wanna point out the difference between virtual reality and reality. I encourage you to meet your friends in person. It’s crazy concept nowadays! We exchanged photos and videos, and I had a very different perception of my cast members before I met them. I think when you haven’t met the person for real, they tend to be way more intimidating than they really are, but you meet them, and they’re people. They’re just people! We’re Power Rangers, but we’re just people.Dacre Montogomery: It doesn’t become an acting thing when you’re so close, it becomes a real thing.Naomi Scott: As Trini and Kimberly, we weren’t sure how to talk to each other at first… it was like a little love story.…Now bring on Bulk and Skull! There’s still time to digitally add them in before Power Rangers opens March 24, 2017! ‘Legend of the White Dragon’ Reunites Original Power RangersThe Original ‘Power Rangers’ Movie Should Have Stayed Small Stay on target
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Last week, the governors of each of the 50 states in the US met for a conference in Rhode Island. It was part of a bipartisan effort to share resources and ideas for governing America’s many diverse communities. The summit also invited Musk to speak about what he knows best — energy, space, and the future — and he had some grim predictions. Most frightening though, is the potential that a bot could rule humanity from the shadows.“AI is a fundamental existential risk for human civilization, and I don’t think people fully appreciate that,” Musk said. Bleeding-edge research, Musk says, is “the scariest” stuff around, adding that “robots will do everything better than us.”The billionaire entrepreneur and CEO of companies like Space X and Tesla is no fan of regulation, but here, he says, the risks are too great to play with. And, to be fair, I think we’ve all seen the Terminator and the Matrix — we know where this goes, and it probably isn’t great.Musk has beaten this drum a few times before, too. He’s said that he believes universal basic income is the only way to survive job market shakeups caused by the gradual increase in AI applications.Transportation will be the first industry to shift, he says. And that’s not terribly surprising. There’s already tons of investment into autonomous vehicles, as I’m sure we’re all well aware, and human drivers are… somewhat notoriously flawed. And deadly. There’s a huge incentive — some would argue even a moral obligation — to get human beings out from behind the steering wheel as fast as possible. Tens of thousands die each year just because humans are actually pretty awful at just about everything. But, Musk says it won’t stop there.Some in the AI field have pushed back, saying that this is still a move that will be a few decades in the making, but Musk obviously isn’t ignorant. Paranoid, perhaps, and he does have that weird thing with floors… but he’s always a bit detached and, out there. Still, this could well be a ploy to pump up investment and push his own agenda.After all, there are a few ways to handle the sudden influx of essentially free labor. We could live in a society that is practically free of want — automating the core functions with bots that could maintain it all and abolish the (frankly rather quaint) idea of an economy entirely. Money doesn’t really exist, after all. It’s a fictitious idea that we use to make trade easier. With bots handling everything or even most things, there’s very little reason for money to exist at all. We could very well jump to the Utopic future of Kirk and Picard.Or, we could adopt a universal basic income — this keeps money moving, continually lining the pockets of businesses and the wealthy. Neither answer is perfect, and whatever we do to handle AI is probably going to be a lot more complicated than these terse lines, but it’s worth seriously thinking about. This seems like a far-off problem, and it may well be, but for now, we need more answers, more data, and more science.Right now, AI is constantly shocking its creators (i.e. us) with progress. The ancient strategic board game, go, was presumed to be unbeatable by an AI. There are so many combinations of moves that calculating the best place to move would take longer than the lifespan of the universe. Google took that challenge though, and, with the help of some advanced machine learning algorithms, was able to best the best player in the world with its AI, AlphaGo. Each match the computer played taught it more and more. After a few rounds, even when firing on all cylinders, our best player lost handily.Musk fears that these types of self-teaching computer systems could birth an intelligence that lives beneath the surface of our society, bending and molding everything to suit its needs.“You say, ‘What harm can a deep intelligence in the network do?’ Well, it can start a war by doing fake news and spoofing email accounts and doing fake press releases and by manipulating information,” Musk told the summit.Given how messed up the world is these days, it’s not even that far-fetched. How else would you explain *gesturing wildly at everything* all of this mess? Then again, Siri still can’t figure out anything I’m saying. So, maybe I’m jumping the gun a bit. When that time does eventually come, I’m definitely not opposed to the idea of an all-powerful, benevolent AI unfucking the planet. It can’t do any worse than we did, that’s for sure.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Stay on target SpaceX’s Starhopper Test Launch in Texas ScrubbedElon Musk’s Cheeky ‘Nuke Mars!’ Post Is Taking Over Twitter
Stay on target James Gunn Once Again Directing ‘Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3’Dark Phoenix Trailer Released & More Marvel Movie News Why won’t anybody help Tony Stark? If ever a character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe has so desperately, blatantly needed a friend to force him to sit down and reevaluate his issues it’s him. Tony is a wreck, and with the MCU’s greatest challenge on the horizon in Avengers: Infinity War, there’s never been a more necessary moment for help to arrive. Maybe it will. But after ten years of watching him inch towards progress only to regress further back from where he started, it’s hard to be optimistic. There was a prevailing theory amongst fans when the first two Iron Man movies came out that a seemingly inevitable plot point would be handled as a slow burn, said plot point being Tony’s alcoholism. In Marvel Comics continuity Tony’s fondness for stiff drinks has long been a hallmark of the character, even being the lynchpin antagonist of one of his most famous arcs, Demon in a Bottle. He’s regularly seen with a drink in hand in those first few movies and even gets pretty good and trashed at his birthday party in Iron Man 2. But when neither The Avengers and Iron Man 3 followed through on making the story happen, anticipation died down. It’s fine in the grand scheme of things. The movies turned out great anyways, and alcoholism is heavy subject matter for what are ultimately breezy superhero blockbusters.Since then, it’s become clear that the storyline wasn’t omitted so much as adapted with a few liberties taken. Tony still has the same demons. They just don’t reside in a bottle.His issues are layered and complicated as can be, but the Tony Stark of the MCU is ultimately no different from that of the comics. He’s an addict, but rather than alcohol he’s addicted to being Iron Man. Shane Black’s Iron Man 3 centered an entire film around the idea that Tony uses the Iron Man armor as a coping mechanism for his PTSD, depression, and anxiety. What gets lost in the narrative is how subtly seamless it’s been incorporated into every film since then. Many viewed Stark’s suiting back up as Iron Man in Avengers: Age of Ultron as a retcon of Iron Man 3, which ends with Tony destroying all of the Iron Man suits in his arsenal. What’s actually happening in Age of Ultron is far more devastating. Tony is an addict. Addicts relapse. He quit his drug of choice, but it called to him. Eventually, he couldn’t ignore it any longer. And the bender he’s been on since Age of Ultron has been among the worst of his life. Tony’s addiction no longer solely manifests itself solely through the Iron Man armor. It’s now bled into every facet of his life. He has not once but twice now glimpsed the imminent destruction of this world and everything he holds dear. His neuroses (and a brush with Scarlet Witch’s nebulously-defined mind magic) cause him to burden himself with the responsibility of keeping our world safe, largely because those same neuroses (and mind magic) have caused him to believe that if the world is destroyed it will be his fault. It’s what caused him to build Ultron and the Vision. It’s why in Captain America: Civil War he’s so very much in favor of the Registration Act. In his eyes, it’s a guarantee of more lives being saved. More than that, it’s relief from the burden of his guilt. If something goes wrong, if a mission plays out poorly, it won’t be entirely his fault. He’ll just be following orders. The choice will be out of his hands and to him that’s peace.Tony and Steve discuss the Sokovia Accords in Captain America: Civil WarHe’s also isolated himself. He leaves the Avengers at the end of Age of Ultron. No teammates means nobody to notice how off the rails he’s gone. Shortly afterwards he and Pepper split (and for the record, now that we know that the Skrulls are about to be in play we’re not convinced that’s the real Pepper we see in Spider-Man: Homecoming acting as though that breakup never happened). His last remaining friend, Happy Hogan, is frequently relegated to babysitting Spider-Man. The Tony Stark we’ll see in Infinity War is an island, a loner by his own design. You can’t save an addict. You can’t fix that problem for them. Nobody, not Steve Rogers or Natasha Romanov or even Pepper Potts, is responsible for fixing Tony’s problems. But the seeming lack of regard for them is jarring at this point in the grand story of the MCU. Tony may have decided to go at it alone at this point but it’s far more heartbreaking to realize that nobody has tried to stop him. His self-destruction has been completely unimpeded despite his walking around with a Vegas-sized neon sign reading I AM NOT DOING GREAT, GUYS for years now. You can’t help but wonder if he would have sunk so low if Steve or Rhodey had sat down with him and tried to talk him through it.Thanos is no longer coming. Thanos is here. For all of his paranoia and self-destruction, Tony was right in Age of Ultron. Petty arms dealers were never the real threat. Whatever would raze Earth would come from above and the team needed to be ready. They aren’t. They’re in shambles, hopelessly outgunned and barely capable of being in the same room as one another. As per usual, the blame will fall on Tony, be it self-inflicted or the group’s consensus. It’s hard to watch these movies now and not see the multitude of moments it could have been stopped. Tony Stark has needed help for some time now. But the time has passed. No helping hand or heart-to-heart can fix the Avengers or Tony. The blaze of glory he’s long sought after has arrived and sooner or later Tony Stark will find an excuse to venture into it. 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Westworld Season Two is over. After the first season ended, Jonathan Nolan and Lisa Joy said this was the beginning of the story they really wanted to tell. They just had to get through season one to do it. At this point, it’s not hard to see what they meant. As much fun as the first season was, it really did become a better show in Season Two.Everything comes together in the 90-minute season finale. It begins back in that room where Dolores is testing Bernard. We find out that Teddy might not be the first host whose personality she altered. As he fails test after test, she at least floats the idea of making some adjustments. The real Arnold, she says, didn’t make it. In her most current timeline, she’s dealing with the consequences of actions like that. She spent the entire night cradling Teddy’s body. In the morning, she takes his spent bullet from his brain and rides off. She comes across Emily’s body and then William, cutting his arm open. She says she’ll need a monster like him to reach the valley beyond, and hands him a gun. With Teddy’s spent bullet in it.Courtesy of HBOThis episode spends its long runtime giving us everything we’d want out of a season finale. It takes its time sweeping over gorgeous landscapes. It knows we’re going to have to wait a while to enjoy cinematography like this, so it lets us luxuriate in it. As we watch all this beautiful imagery fill the screen, everything starts to pop off violently. Because that’s still what we’re here for. As much as we want to see Maeve reunited with her daughter, or a deep and personal character story like that Ake episode, what we really want is some robot-on-human violence. And the finale isn’t shy about giving it to us. As Charlotte leads her new host weapon into battle, Maeve reactivates all the deactivated hosts around her. It’s weird to have a show where you root for the murderous robots, but the humans are all so terrible on this show. It’s satisfying watching the sadistic tech’s throat get cut open with a circular saw. Or a security guard gets gored by a bull.Dolores gets her share of violence in too. As soon as they reach their destination, William turns on her. That spent bullet was a great bit of setup, because it kept us in anticipation of what’s coming. He tries to kill Dolores, and all his bullets hit non-lethal areas. When he aims his final shot directly at her head, we all know what’s about to happen. The gun backfires, blowing off two of William’s fingers. And yes, watching Dolores taunt William as he writhes in agony is endlessly satisfying. Not quite as much though, as when we finally get some answers about this park.Evan Rachel Wood (Credit: John P. Johnson/HBO)Once again, the show cuts between two timelines, building suspense and making for well-timed reveals. It’s been too long since we saw anything from the cleanup timeline. As Charlotte and the Dellos crew drag Bernard into the same door he and Dolores went into in the past, they find Dolores’ dead, bleeding body on the ground. As interesting as the next scene becomes, that image stays at the back of our minds. Something is about to go wrong. We just don’t know how or when. Dolores and Bernard enter the computer that runs the entire park. The template is it’s all based on. The system appears to them in the form of Logan, and lays everything out. Just as we thought, it’s been collecting data on every guest, studying it, trying to build copies. But the A.I. quickly grew unimpressed with humans. It turns out they were much simpler than they made themselves out to be. That’s why the host clones kept failing. They were too complicated. Every guest’s coding is neatly summed up in a book. It’s everything Dolores needs to survive and conquer the human world.We also find out exactly how all those hosts ended up in the ravine. From inside the system, Dolores is able to open a door that only the hosts can see. It’s the promised Valley Beyond. It’s a land free of humans, where the hosts can make their own world. It’s also, as Dolores sees it, a lie. As the hosts cross beyond the door, their consciousness enters this new simulation. Their bodies fall lifeless into a chasm. Dolores doesn’t like the idea of another prison, that could still be manipulated by any human that finds it. She exits the system, and starts to destroy the mainframe, along with all the host data. Bernard realizes that she plans to kill all the humans in their world too, and realizes he can’t let her do that. He’s the one that shoots her, and leaves her dead on the floor for the Dellos security team to find.Jeffrey Wright, Evan Rachel Wood (Credit: John P. Johnson/HBO)In the 10-episode magic trick that was the second season of Westworld, this was its grand flourish. This was the point where it showed us everything we came to see. It gave us twist after twist, reveal after reveal, and an endless parade of pretty shocking deaths. It saved the most satisfying reveal for near the end, though. As Bernard is being interrogated, he starts saying he’s sorry. It turns out he scrambled his own memories to throw Dellos off his scent. They couldn’t know what he intended until it was too late. The data they were beaming out of the park wasn’t the moneymaking guest data. It was all the hosts. Bernard also realized he needed Dolores to survive. Especially after watching Charlotte murder Elsie for having a conscience. As annoying as JJ Abrams-style puzzlebox stories can be, I love the moment when the solution is put together at the end. When you see what had really been going on this whole time. And just as we start to put the pieces together, we see that Bernard put Dolores’ brain in a host copy of Charlotte. And that’s the one that’s in the room with them right now.Anthony Hopkins, Jeffrey Wright (Credit: John P. Johnson/HBO)This season finale was heavy on spectacle and emotion. Two seasons in, that’s really all I want from this show. It’s a series about robots trying to make it in a sadistic human world. You don’t need to bog that down with questions about consciousness and reality that sound a lot deeper than they really are. And like any good season finale, it left us all desperate to see what happens next. I really hope we do get a third season. Word on the street is viewing numbers have declined in season two, and that’s really a shame. As the season went on, it became less about big plot twists and more just a story about a robot revolution. It became a better show for it. Now at the end, Dolores/Charlotte has escaped, thanks to some help from Ashley Stubbs. Turns out he’s actually a host himself, tasked with protecting the other hosts in the park. OK, that’s… kinda cool I guess. She finds a sanctuary left for her by Ford. In it are the tools to build hosts. She reconstructs Bernard, who would not have been able to escape the park with her. That’s where things get interesting for season three.We end the season with Bernard and Dolores out in the real world, but they aren’t friends. Dolores still thinks she needs to kill humanity for hosts to have the life they want. She knows Bernard will try to stop her. Both perspectives, she says, will need to exist to ensure the hosts’ survival as a species. It’s a cool idea, and it opens up a ton of ideas to explore in season three. Assuming we get one. Leaving us on a note like that, I hope we do. I can’t wait to see how these characters interact with the human world.Jasmyn Rae, Thandie Newton (Credit: John P. Johnson/HBO)Maeve’s storyline, though it did give us one spectacular action scene was a little disappointing. After a whole season of her trying to find her daughter, she ends up letting her go. Repaired with a new body, she leads her allies to the Door. They get there, but just barely. There’s a problem with death on this show that has shown up less as the series progressed. It still rears its ugly head occasionally. Even at this stage, it feels like any of the hosts can be brought back. That makes their deaths less meaningful. How are we supposed to care if we know we’re probably going to see them again. That’s why Lee’s death in this episode mattered. He’s a human, for one. There’s no bringing him back. Two, his sacrifice represented a total change of heart. He was always the skeptic, breaking down Maeve’s feelings and motives into code. Now, he truly believes in her right to happiness and her search for her daughter. And he’s willing to give up his own life to make sure Maeve has a chance at hers.Then look at Maeve’s death. It comes right at the end of a battle. Charlotte (the real one still) sends Clementine to stop the hosts, forcing them to tear each other apart. Armistice shoots Clementine, but it’s too late. The hosts keep killing each other. Maeve holds them back so her daughter can make it to the Valley Beyond. As soon as she’s through, the Dellos soldiers shoot and kill Maeve. Now, she’s everyone’s favorite character, and also one of the show’s biggest stars. Already, our first thought isn’t “oh no!” It’s “OK, how are they going to bring her back.” And then towards the end of the episode, Felix and Sylvester are tasked with salvaging what hosts they can. They look at Maeve. So what was the point of her death really?Tessa Thompson (Credit: Courtesy of HBO)Ultimately though, it was a satisfying season finale of Westworld. It had a bittersweet ending, with Dolores saving the hosts in the Valley Beyond, and beaming it somewhere it can never be touched. It had plenty of action, some minor mysteries were solved, and as always, it perpetuated the bigger ones. I don’t know when we’ll get a third season. Probably not for a while. All I know is I want to see Dolores and Bernard go up against each other in the human world. And I want to see what’s up with that post-credits scene. It’s a host version of Emily is testing a host version of William. We don’t know what it has to do with the current story, we just know, given the decayed state of the park, it happens far in the future. Yeah, even going into season three, Westworld isn’t giving up its ridiculously complicated multiple timelines anytime soon.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Stay on target Evan Rachel Wood Just As Disturbed by Humanoid Sophia As Everyone ElseTop Movie and TV Trailers to Watch From SDCC 2019